Almost every day a visitor or traveler to Mumbai will find news about Navi Mumbai in local Mumbai news. A city along the Arabian Sea on the west coast of Maharashtra, it was initially developed as a twin city of Mumbai in 1972. With a total area of about 344 square kilometres, it is one of the largest planned cities in the entire world. stretched north from Airolin near Thane to Uran to the south; The new city, roughly equal in length to the original Mumbai, is connected to the mainland via the Vashi and Airoli bridges.
Vashi and Nerul are the most developed parts of the new city and are known as the king and queen of Navi Mumbai. Out of the total population of about 260,000 of this city, about 150,000 live in these two areas. The city is the only city in India that has been included in the National Geographic Channel as one of the world’s super cities. All the amenities of basic Mumbai like Mumbai shopping festival, parties in Mumbai and Mumbai nightlife are also available in the city. And in terms of economic activity and affluence, it challenges the main city quite efficiently. It is also one of the cities that flourished with public private partnership programs.
Most of the people are agricultural and Koli. The official language of the city is Marathi but the common street language is Mumbai or Hindi which is a mixture of Hindi, Marathi and Urdu languages and some invented words. English is also spoken extensively, especially by the white-collar working population. Hilly in some parts and covered with wetlands in others, the city is still sparsely populated. Yet the media makes it a point to include it as a regular part of local news in Mumbai. The city’s temperature normally varies from 220 C to 360 C and the summer temperature sometimes goes up to 410 C and drops to 170 C at times in winter. The average annual rainfall is 2000–2500 mm while the humidity is 61–86% making it a fairly humid region.
The city had 3/4th of the population as per the 2001 census report, but it is gradually increasing. The average literacy rate is 74% and is higher than the national average. Although there is a continuous migration from the main city to this area which still has the capacity to house many more people. Mumbai has the potential to be as busy and bustling as old Mumbai, given the will and appropriate leadership given by political parties.
While 86% of the people are Hindus, 10% are Muslims and others include Sikhs and Christians. The true cosmopolitan nature of the city is evident from the Brahmagiri where Balaji, Swaminarayan, and Amritandamaya, and the Narayanguri temple complex, the Little Flower Church, the Sikh Gurdwara, and the Muslim Mosque will be found.
Red NMMT buses form the most common transport in Navi Mumbai. Other forms of transport are taxis and auto rickshaws. Mumbai’s suburban railway network covers most of the new city. Nerul is also an important Outer Link Junction station.